ISSN: 7027-2221

Keywords : Diabetes Mellitus

Erectile Dysfunction in Diabetic Patients in the Holy Kerbala/Iraq in 2018

karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 15, Pages 1-10

Erectile dysfunction affects more than 50% of diabetic patients and results in miserable
couple’s life, especially for young adults. Possible predictors are proper therapy and
patient’s compliance with treatment, in addition to the warning signs and symptoms of
sensory neuron and motor deficits. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the
prevalence of Erectile dysfunction and its predictors among diabetic patients in Kerbala.
Material and methods
The study included a convenient sample of 61 patients with diabetes mellitus type I and II.
They were chosen through a systematic sampling among patients at the diabetes mellitus
clinic at Al Hussein Teaching Hospital in Holy Kerbala /Iraq in 2018. All participants
were interviewed using standard questionnaire. Analysis of data used descriptive and
analytic tools including t-test, chi-square test, logistic regression and structural Equation
modeling through the statistical Package of social sciences and Amos and Excel software
at a significance level of


diabetes mellitus
erectile dysfunction
Autonomic changes
sensory and motor changes
glycemic control.

Review Diabetes Mellitus: A review

karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 2018, Volume 9, Issue 15, Pages 80-91

Diabetes is one of the most important disorders of metabolic and chronic diseases
affecting small and large ages, which result from lack of insulin production of beta cells
present in the pancreas of Lancherhans in the pancreas or result from the inability of human
cells to respond to insulin, which leads to a rise in the blood glucose levels . There are two
main types of diabetes: the first type (the type I ) that is produced when the human body is
unable to produce insulin due to a defect in the work of the immune system, where the
immune cells attack the cells producing insulin (beta cells) in the pancreas, while type (II)
The most common result is the inability of the body's cells to respond to insulin, despite the
efficiency and ability of the pancreas to produce insulin, due to an unknown reason ..

Comparing capillary blood glucose measures with venous blood glucose evaluated by the diabetes unit of the AL-Sadder Hospital, Basra, Iraq.

Falah Hassan Shari

karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 2016, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 216-224

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease associated with long-term complications, damage,
dysfunction, and failure of different organs, including the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and
blood vessels. Blood glucose monitoring by measuring glucose levels using test strips in
home-monitoring or venous blood glucose measuring in laboratory can improve the
monitoring of hyperglycemia in DM also can evaluat the patient complaince. Validation of
accuracy and reliability of different glucometers is important to variation in measurements
may be attributed to different factors, may be affected by the environment in which
glucometers and strips are stored, user dependent factors (operational technique). The aim is
to compare capillary blood glucose measures with venous blood glucose by different devices.
This prospective randomized study was conducted between January 2014 and May 2014 in
Al-Sadder teaching hospital in Basra, Iraq, to compare the results of measurment blood
glucose level of two glucose meters (AccuChek® active (Roche Diagnostics, Basel,
Switzerland) and Optium Xceed® (MediSense UK, Abingdon, UK) with standard venous
glucose measurment using spectrophotometry (hexokinase). One hundred non intensive care
unit patients who had been admitted for a variety of medical and surgical problems had been
included in the study. All the patients had previously been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus
and under 60 years of age.The results revealed significant differences in glucose levels
measured using optimal xeed glucose meter when we compared with Accu check glucose
meter and those values measured using standerd venouse glucose mesurment. We conclude
that The Accu check glucose meter was more accurate than xeed glucose meter, as compared
with ordinary serum glucose measurement by spectrophotometer.