ISSN: 7027-2221

Keywords : histopathological examination

Comparative study between the effect of first and second generation of anti-epileptic drugs on hepatorenal toxicity in female albino rats

shatha Hussein kadhim; muntadher mohammed gani; moayad mijbil ubaid; nazar jabar metieb

karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences, Volume 8, Issue 12, Pages 69-83

Sodium valproate (first generation) and oxcarbazepine (second generation) are common antiepileptic drugs used today. The study was conducted to evaluate and compare the toxicity of these two drugs on both renal and hepatic functions test. The experiment was done on 18 female albino rats in Kerbala University /animal house of Pharmacy College and lasted for about two months,and the research was done with the agreement of the animal rights in the college. The rats were divided into three groups, the first group represented healthy animals, second group was drenched orally with 500mg/kg/day of sodium valproate and the third one was drenched orally with100mg/kg/ day of oxcarbazepine. Blood was collected for lab analysis and the hepatic /renal tissues were excised for histological examination. The results showed a significant elevation in liver (AST and ALT) ,as well as parameters such as (urea and creatinine) in both second and third group in comparing with healthy group. histological examination of liver and kidney in animals drenched with valproate showed significant hepatocyte and tubular necrosis while in rats intoxicated with oxcarbazepine showed single hepatocyte necrosis and mild tubular necrosis. In this study, sodium valproate was suggested to have more hepatorenal toxicity than oxcarbazepine and this result was confirmed by both blood tests and histopathological examination.