ISSN: 7027-2221

Keywords : ELISA methods

Detection of Aflatoxins Present in Some Types of Nuts are Available In Local Markets

S. J; Mohammed; Abu-Almaaly; R. A

karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences, Volume 6, Issue 9, Pages 50-60

Aflatoxins are a group of mycotoxins and secondary metabolites of various species of
Aspergillus. These are various forms of aflatoxins. Aflatoxins cause important health
problems and have a high potential effect on live cancer. Many studies have been conducted
during last three decades about contamination of Nuts by aflatoxins. The aim of this work
was to investigate the contamination levels of nuts used by confectionaries in Baghdad. A
total of fifteen samples including (3Almonds, 3Pistachio, 3Hazelnut , 3Peanuts and 3Walnut
) were collected from local market in Baghdad city. ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent
assays) technique was employed for screening of total aflatoxins in nuts. The contamination
rate was higher than 10 ppb was observed in (one sample of Almonds, two samples of
hazelnut, and in two samples of Walnuts). The result of tested samples showed that the rate
of contamination of hazelnut is higher than other tested samples.