Keywords : Commiphora myrrha
Anti-inflammatory effect of turmeric plant ( Curcuma longa L. ) rhizomes and myrrh (Commiphora myrrha L.) gums and ginkgo Ginkgo biloba L. leaves ( tablets ) extracts
karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences,
Volume 8, Issue 13, Pages 59-69
Back ground: the plants importance resulting from their uses as a nutrition source and for their therapeutic effect. These plants include turmeric , myrrh and ginkgo.
Aim of study: this study was conducted to test the anti-inflammatory effectiveness of turmeric plant ( Curcuma longa L. ) rhizomes and myrrh (Commiphora myrrha L.) gums and ginkgo , Ginkgo biloba L. leaves ( tablets )extracts.
Method: plants under study were extracted by soxhlet using methanol as a solvent, and then was fractioned by water, chloroform, ethyl acetate and hexane. The extracts tested to determine the anti-inflammatory effect through testing their ability to maintain the stability of the membranes of red blood cells , prevent protein denaturation and heat induced hemolysis.
Results: the result showed the effectiveness of all the plants under study in resisting inflammation with compared to standard medicines (Aspirin 100μg / ml and Diclofenac sodium 100μg / ml).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the presence of secondary metabolites as alkaloid, polyphenolic compounds and phenolic acid in the plants under study would be marked a good anti-inflammatory effect.