ISSN: 7027-2221

Keywords : metabolism

Review Metabolism: A review

karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences, Volume 9, Issue 15, Pages 73-79

Metabolism is a biochemical process in which the body converts
food into energy through a series of chemical reactions, in which nutrients are
destroyed within the digestive system and converted to energy by building
and destroying cells and tissues. Food has been converted into energy
through a series of chemical reactions in which basic food is broken down into
the debris, resulting in energy. These molecules are also used in the
formation of more complex materials, so as to build cells and tissues
Metabolism is divided into catabolism whether
carbohydrate, protein, or fat, are broken down in different ways from biological
reactions to simple molecules. This results in access to energy. Anabolism ,
Small particles resulting from the demolition can be used as a nucleus to build
more complex materials, whether protein or nuclear acids. This happens
through a series of interactions so as to build tissue and consume energy in
those interactions..

Erectile Dysfunction in Diabetic Patients in the Holy Kerbala/Iraq in 2018

karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences, Volume 9, Issue 15, Pages 1-10

Erectile dysfunction affects more than 50% of diabetic patients and results in miserable
couple’s life, especially for young adults. Possible predictors are proper therapy and
patient’s compliance with treatment, in addition to the warning signs and symptoms of
sensory neuron and motor deficits. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the
prevalence of Erectile dysfunction and its predictors among diabetic patients in Kerbala.
Material and methods
The study included a convenient sample of 61 patients with diabetes mellitus type I and II.
They were chosen through a systematic sampling among patients at the diabetes mellitus
clinic at Al Hussein Teaching Hospital in Holy Kerbala /Iraq in 2018. All participants
were interviewed using standard questionnaire. Analysis of data used descriptive and
analytic tools including t-test, chi-square test, logistic regression and structural Equation
modeling through the statistical Package of social sciences and Amos and Excel software
at a significance level of


diabetes mellitus
erectile dysfunction
Autonomic changes
sensory and motor changes
glycemic control.