ISSN: 7027-2221

Keywords : Diarrhea

Epidemiological study for common causes of diarrhea disease among children under 5 years of age in some Iraqi province

Karem kdaer karem; Bara majed khlaif

karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 124-130

Background: Acute diarrheal disease among children less than 5 years old remains a
major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Severe infectious diarrhea in children
occurs most frequently under circumstances of poor environmental sanitation and
hygiene, inadequate water supplies, and poverty. In Iraq the control of diarrheal disease (
CDD), including promotion of breast-feeding, oral rehydration therapy and specific
health education is a part of national strategies aiming to improve the quality of life and
reduce the burdens caused by diseases.
Objectives: the study aimed to identify the most common causes of diarrheal disease
among children aged less than five years admitted to pediatrics Hospitals in some Iraq
Patient and method:Hospitals in five Iraq provinces, karbala, Dyala, Hila, and Najaf
during 12 months of 2013 received 1639 cases of diarrhea disease among children under
5 years of age, a hospital – based cross sectional study was performed a respective cases
was defined as a child having three or more loose, liquid, or watery stools or at least one
bloody loose stool within the last 24 hours. Accordingly, all cases admitted to general
pediatrics Hospital between January and December 2013, which fulfilled the inclusion
criteria were recruited into the study.
Results: in current study shows statistical prevalence to bacteria spp. (0.006) and
Giardiasis among Dyala province at p. value (0.001) as well as highly significant
difference between Entamaebea. Histolytica.and Karbala city at p. value (0.001), among
other pathogens in our study provinces.
Conclusion: our study revealed some of pathogens can lead to cause diarrhea disease
among children under 5 years of age especially E. histolytica and Giardia Lamblia in
some Iraq province so demonstrate poor hygiene and educational health and inadequate
safe water supply and food safety.caused by diarrhea among children less than five years
of age in the district.