Author : Qasim Ali, Luma
karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences,
Volume 8, Issue 13, Pages 70-78
Thyroid diseases are the second most public endocrine system disorder which effect many systems of the body. This work aimed to study the effect of hyper- and hypothyroidism on the blood pressure (systolic and diastolic, hemoglobin level (Hb), fasting blood sugar level (FBS), and decayed, missing, and fulling teeth (dmf-t) and study the frequencies of anemia, hypertension and diabetes in these three groups. This study included forty patients, who were previously diagnosed with hyperthyroidism (20case) and hypothyroidism (20case) as well as 10 healthy as control (male and female) in age group of 30-65 years. There were significant differences in HB levels among the three groups were detected. The lowest was in hypothyroidism and the highest was in control. The frequency of anemia was significantly higher in the hyper- and hypothyroidism compared to control. The systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in the hyperthyroidism group. Conversely, significantly higher diastolic blood pressure in the hypothyroidism group was detected. The frequencies of Hypertension were significantly higher in the hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism compared to control. There also were significantly differences in the FBS levels among the three groups. The frequency of diabetic was significantly higher in the hyper- and hypothyroidism compared to control. According to obtained data we suggested that all patients with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism should be periodically evaluated for probably hematological, cardiovascular, biochemical, and oral changes.